With a focus on cardiovascular disease and risk factors, Ethnicity & Disease, Volume 25, Number 1 carries some of the latest research on health disparities among ethnic populations. Research studies from scientists around the world explore topics within this focus area including:
- Improved quality of care for cardiovascular disease for Latinos depending place of treatment
- Residential ethnic segregation and stroke risk in Mexican Americans
- Association of Hispanic ethnicity and acute ischemic stroke care process and outcomes
- John Henryism, socioeconomic position, and blood pressure in a multi-ethnic community
In other topic areas, the journal features original reports on diabetes, mental health, and public health. Findings in this issue include:
- Among African American women, each additional daily hour of sedentary time was associated with an increase in BMI and poorer weight loss maintenance (Sedentary behavior, body mass index, and weight loss maintenance among African American women, Taylor WC et al)
- An increased prevalence of perceived stress among Latinos was associated with using denial as a coping mechanism. (Stressors and coping mechanisms associated with perceived stress in Latinos. Perez AM et al)
- To determine if disparities existed between White and Black inpatient mortality rates, researchers from the Agency of Healthcare Research examined hospital records for mortality rates for specific medical and surgical conditions. They found that Blacks, compared with Whites, had lower mortality for all medical conditions. (Racial differences in hospital mortality for medical and surgical admissions: variations by patient and hospital characteristics. Andrews RM et al)
- In their review, researchers from a multinational team found five key physiological and genetic mechanisms that may contribute to the higher susceptibility of African Americans to type 2 diabetes: 1) obesity and fat distribution; 2) metabolic flexibility; 3) muscle physiology; 4) energy expenditure and fitness; and 5) genetics. (Uncovering physiological mechanisms for health disparities in type 2 diabetes. Staiano AE et al).
For more information on these and other studies published in this issue of Ethnicity & Disease, please visit the journal.
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